After the end of the French and Indian War in 1763, Britain's King George III decides to keep the largest standing army in peacetime. To pay for the army the members of Parliment decide to tax their colonies, especially those in North America.
In 1763, virtually all Georgians were loyal subjects, however, these acts, some particularly burdensome, began to create opposition to British rule. The phrase "no taxation without representation" and the word "boycott" become common.
Name Date Provisions Georgia's reaction Revenue Act of 1764
April 5, 1764 Revised duties on sugar, tea, coffee, wine; expanded jurisdiction of some courts. Protests about taxation; Georgia especially concerned because of lumber trade with sugar-producing Carribean countries. Stamp Act March 22, 1765 thru March 18, 1766 Documents must contain a revenue stamp to be legal. All deeds, wills, marriage licenses, even newspapers affected. Georgia's stamp master serves a single day in January, 1766. Quartering Act March 24, 1765 British troops must be given housing on demand from colonists. New York Assembly is punished for not complying. The king could not house troops in subjects homes in England, but permitted to do so in the colonies. Declaratory Act March 18, 1766 Parliment declares sovereignty over colonies in all cases. Enacted on the same day that Parliment repealed the Stamp Act, this was merely positioning so that England would not lose face for giving in to the colonies. Townshend Acts June 26, 29, July 2, 1767; repealed April 12, 1770 (some texts list a March date. This is wrong) except for tax on tea. Includes duties on new items including tea, glass and other goods available in the Western Hemisphere Georgia begin to import goods directly from nearby Western Hemisphere trading partners rather than buy from England. Georgia House dissolved in dispute over this act. Tea Act May 10, 1773 East India Tea Company granted sole right to sell tea directly to Americans; some duties on tea reduced Tea was a popular drink not only in Georgia but throughout the colonies. Since 1770, tensions had fallen between the countries, but the Tea Act indicated resumption. Nearest Tea Party in Charleston, SC because Savannah has no tea assigned. Intolerable Acts (Coercive Acts) March-June, 1774 Closes Boston Harbor; eliminates current government of Massachusetts; restricts many other government meetings. Convening of first Continental Congress (September, 1774) Prohibitory Act December 22, 1775 Tries to force Americans into submission with direct attacks on liberties granted all Englishmen. Final blow for many Georgians, although a majority may have been loyalists. War was already 8 months old.
Benjamin Franklin's original plan for a Colonial Confederation included Barbados and other colonies.
Acts Of War
Georgia in 1763
Sugar Act; Stamp Act
The House dissolved
Radicals Gain Power
Georgia joins the Continental Congress
A Colony at War
A State and Union Formed
The First Florida Expedition
A Leader Dies
The Second Florida Expedition
The Third Florida Expedition
Britain Attacks Georgia
Georgia Fight Backs
The Siege and Battle of Savannah
There Comes a Reaper
The Liberation of Georgia
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